Research into the Private Security Industry started in Abu Dhabi, UAE in October 2001 by Canadian experts experienced in security legislation, security training and Middle East culture. Being established alongside the research was the creation of a Regulatory Agency – the Private Security Business Sector (PSCOD) to administer and regulate training, examination, licensing, enforcement and oversight of the private security industry. For seven (7) years, PSCOD became well-established, successful and accepted by the security industry, for being fair, socially responsible, improving quality and creating financial stability in the market place.
Initially, the PSCOD did not conduct the actual security training, it had responsibility for providing the training curriculum, training the trainers and ensuring quality and examination of company trainees. The security companies were responsible for their own training. The PSCOD monitored many abuses and established the need to take training back from the companies and place it under a Centralized Control Model to be more effective. The creation of the NSI to establish professionally accredited training is a logical extension of what began under the control of the PSCOD.
In January 2003, Abu Dhabi passed the first Emirati Regulation on private security, the Emirati Decree 100, establishing the first model of private security regulation and training – a Hybrid Model combining the efficacy of western and non-western standards that fit the Arabic legal, societal and cultural norms of the UAE.
Between 2003 and 2006, the Abu Dhabi Model evolved to Federal Law No. 37 of 2006 which was promulgated in January 2009.
As a direct consequence of Federal Law No. 37 of 2006, the private security regulatory authority in Abu Dhabi became the Federal Regulatory Authority now known as the Private Security Business Department (PSCOD) responsible for oversight of the private security industry at the national level. This in terms led to Ministerial Decision No. 557 of 2008 to regulate the Federal Law.
It also led to the creation of the National Security Institute (NSI), which was given the responsibility of creating and professional training standards for the UAE. NSI is located on the prestigious YAS Island, next to the world-famous Formula One (F1) racing track and Ferrari World.